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Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Staff Reports
Gender differences in the labor market effects of the dollar
Linda S. Goldberg
Joseph Tracy

Although the dollar has been shown to influence the expected wages of workers, the analysis to date has focused on the male workforce. We show that exchange rate fluctuations also have important implications for women's wages. The dominant wage effects for women—like those for men—arise at times of job transition. Changes in the value of the dollar can cause the wage gap between women who change jobs and women who stay on in their jobs to expand or contract sharply, with the most pronounced effects occurring among the least educated women and women in highly competitive manufacturing industries. In addition, it appears that women who stay on in their jobs show greater wage sensitivity to currency movements than do their male counterparts.

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Linda S. Goldberg & Joseph Tracy, Gender differences in the labor market effects of the dollar, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Staff Reports 121, 01 Apr 2001.
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Note: For a published version of this report, see Linda Goldberg and Joseph Tracy, "Gender Differences in the Labor Market Effects of the Dollar," American Economic Review 91, no. 2 (May 2001): 400-5.
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Keywords: women wages; dollar; exchange rates; industry; workers; surveys; female employees; women employment; wage gap
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