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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Working Papers
Vocational Considerations and Trends in Social Security Disability
Amanda M. Michaud
Jaeger Nelson
David Wiczer
Abstract

Along with health, Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) evaluates work-limiting disability by considering vocational factors including age, education, and past work experience. As the number of SSDI applicants and awards has increased, these vocational criteria are increasingly important to acceptances and denials. A unique state-level dataset allows us to estimate how these factors relate to the SSDI award process. These estimates are used to asses how changes to the demographic and occupational composition have contributed to awards trends. In our results, the prevalence of workers in their 50s are especially important. Further, increasing educational attainment lowers applications and vocational awards.


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Download http://dx.doi.org/10.20955/wp.2016.018
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Amanda M. Michaud & Jaeger Nelson & David Wiczer, Vocational Considerations and Trends in Social Security Disability, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Working Papers 2016-18, 16 Oct 2016.
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JEL Classification:
Subject headings:
Keywords: Disability Insurance; Vocational Criteria; Demographic Decomposition
DOI: 10.20955/wp.2016.018
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