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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
International Finance Discussion Papers
The market-perceived monetary policy rule
James D. Hamilton
Seth Pruitt
Scott C. Borger
Abstract

We introduce a novel method for estimating a monetary policy rule using macroeconomic news. Market forecasts of both economic conditions and monetary policy are affected by news, and our estimation links the two effects. This enables us to estimate directly the policy rule agents use to form their expectations, and in so doing flexibly capture the particular dynamics of policy response. We find evidence that between 1994 and 2007 the market-perceived Federal Reserve policy rule changed: the output response vanished, and the inflation response path became more gradual but larger in long-run magnitude. In a standard model we show that output smoothing caused by a larger inflation response magnitude is offset by the more measured pace of response. Our response coefficient estimates are robust to measurement and theoretical issues with both potential output and the inflation target.


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James D. Hamilton & Seth Pruitt & Scott C. Borger, The market-perceived monetary policy rule, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), International Finance Discussion Papers 982, 2009.
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Keywords: Monetary policy - United States ; Economic forecasting - United States
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