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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
International Finance Discussion Papers
DSGE models of high exchange-rate volatility and low pass-through
Giancarlo Corsetti
Luca Dedola
Sylvain Leduc
Abstract

This paper develops a quantitative, dynamic, open-economy model which endogenously generates high exchange rate volatility, whereas a low degree of pass-through stems from both nominal rigidities (in the form of local currency pricing) and price discrimination. We model real exchange rate volatility in response to real shocks by reconsidering and extending two approaches suggested by the quantitative literature (one by Backus Kehoe and Kydland [1995], the other by Chari, Kehoe and McGrattan [2003]), within a common framework with incomplete markets and segmented domestic economies. Our model accounts for a variable degree of ERPT over different horizons. In the short run, we find that a very small amount of nominal rigidities--consistent with the evidence in Bils and Klenow [2004--lowers the elasticity of import prices at border and consumer level to 27% and 13%, respectively. Still, exchange rate depreciation worsens the terms of trade -- in accord with the evidence stressed by Obstfeld and Rogoff [2000]. In the long run, exchange-rate pass-through coefficients are also below one, as a result of price discrimination. The latter is an implication of distribution services, which makes the goods demand elasticity market specific.


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Giancarlo Corsetti & Luca Dedola & Sylvain Leduc, DSGE models of high exchange-rate volatility and low pass-through, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), International Finance Discussion Papers 845, 2005.
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Keywords: Foreign exchange rates ; Econometric models
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