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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
International Finance Discussion Papers
An empirical comparison of Bundesbank and ECB monetary policy rules
Jon Faust
John H. Rogers
Jonathan H. Wright
Abstract

We estimate a monetary policy reaction function for the Bundesbank and use it as a benchmark to assess the monetary policy of the ECB since the launch of the euro in January 1999. We find that euro interest rates are low relative to this benchmark. We consider several possible reasons for this, including the divergence between core and headline inflation, inflation having turned out to be higher than could have been foreseen by the ECB and the possibility that the ECB is focussing only on macroeconomic conditions in a subset of member countries. We argue that these potential explanations cannot account for the difference between recent interest rates and our estimated Bundesbank benchmark. Our results suggest that the reaction function of the ECB features a high weight on the output gap relative to the weight on inflation, compared to the Bundesbank.


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Jon Faust & John H. Rogers & Jonathan H. Wright, An empirical comparison of Bundesbank and ECB monetary policy rules, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), International Finance Discussion Papers 705, 2001.
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Keywords: European Central Bank ; Monetary policy
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