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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
International Finance Discussion Papers
Firms and their distressed banks: lessons from the Norwegian banking crisis (1988-1991)
Steven Ongena
David C. Smith
Dag Michalsen
Abstract

We use the near-collapse of the Norwegian banking system during the period 1988-91 to measure the impact of bank distress announcements on the stock prices of firms maintaining a relationship with a distressed bank. We find that although banks experienced large and permanent downward revisions in their equity value during the event period, firms maintaining relationships with these banks faced only small and temporary changes, on average, in stock price. In other words, the aggregate impact of bank distress on listed firms in Norway appears small. Our results stand in contrast to studies that document large welfare declines to similar borrowers after crises hit Japan and other East Asian countries. We hypothesize that because banks in Norway are precluded from maintaining significant ownership control over loan customers, Norwegian firms were freer to choose financing from sources other than their distressed banks. We provide cross-sectional evidence to support this hypothesis.


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Steven Ongena & David C. Smith & Dag Michalsen, Firms and their distressed banks: lessons from the Norwegian banking crisis (1988-1991), Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), International Finance Discussion Papers 686, 2000.
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Keywords: Bank failures ; Financial crises - Norway
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