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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
International Finance Discussion Papers
International Trade Risk and the Role of Banks
International trade exposes exporters and importers to substantial risks. To mitigate these risks, firms can buy special trade finance products from banks. This paper explores under which conditions and to what extent firms use these products. We find that letters of credit and documentary collections cover about 10 percent of U.S. exports and are preferred for larger transactions, indicating substantial fixed costs. Letters of credit are employed the most for exports to countries with intermediate contract enforcement. Compared to documentary collections, they are used for riskier destinations. We provide a model that rationalizes these empirical findings and discuss implications.
Cite this item
Friederike Niepmann & Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr, International Trade Risk and the Role of Banks, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), International Finance Discussion Papers 1151, 16 Nov 2015.
- F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
- F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
- G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
Keywords: Trade finance; multinational banks; risk; letter of credit
This item with handle RePEc:fip:fedgif:1151
is also listed on EconPapers
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