Home About Latest Browse RSS Advanced Search

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
International Finance Discussion Papers
Entry dynamics and the decline in exchange-rate pass-through
Christopher J. Gust
Sylvain Leduc
Robert J. Vigfusson
Abstract

The degree of exchange-rate pass-through to import prices is low. An average pass-through estimate for the 1980s would be roughly 50 percent for the United States implying that, following a 10 percent depreciation of the dollar, a foreign exporter selling to the U.S. market would raise its price in the United States by 5 percent. Moreover, substantial evidence indicates that the degree of pass-through has since declined to about 30 percent. ; Gust, Leduc, and Vigfusson (2010) demonstrate that, in the presence of pricing complementarity, trade integration spurred by lower costs for importers can account for a significant portion of the decline in pass-through. In our framework, pass-through declines solely because of markup adjustments along the intensive margin. ; In this paper, we model how the entry and exit decisions of exporting firms affect pass-through. This is particularly important since the decline in pass-through has occurred as a greater concentration of foreign firms are exporting to the United States. ; We find that the effect of entry on pass-through is quantitatively small and is more than offset by the adjustment of markups that arise only along the intensive margin. Even though entry has a relatively small impact on pass-through, it nevertheless plays an important role in accounting for the secular rise in imports relative to GDP. In particular, our model suggests that over 3/4 of the rise in the U.S. import share since the early 1980s is due to trade in new goods. Thus, a key insight of this paper is that adjustment of markups that occur along the intensive margin are quantitatively more important in accounting for secular changes in pass-through than adjustments that occur along the extensive margin.


Download Full text
Download Full text
Cite this item
Christopher J. Gust & Sylvain Leduc & Robert J. Vigfusson, Entry dynamics and the decline in exchange-rate pass-through, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), International Finance Discussion Papers 1008, 2010.
More from this series
JEL Classification:
Subject headings:
Keywords: International trade ; Foreign exchange rates ; Imports ; Exports
For corrections, contact Ryan Wolfslayer ()
Fed-in-Print is the central catalog of publications within the Federal Reserve System. It is managed and hosted by the Economic Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.

Privacy Legal