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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US)
Finance and Economics Discussion Series
Bank Failures, Capital Buffers, and Exposure to the Housing Market Bubble
We empirically document that banks with greater exposure to high home price-to-income ratio regions in 2005 and 2006 have higher mortgage delinquency and charge-off rates and significantly higher probabilities of failure during the last financial crisis even after controlling for capital, liquidity, and other standard bank performance measures. While high price-to-income ratios present a greater likelihood of house price correction, we find no evidence that banks managed this risk by building stronger capital buffers. Our results suggest that there is scope for improved measures of mortgage loan risk that could be considered for regulatory and risk management applications.
Cite this item
Gazi Kara & Cindy M. Vojtech, Bank Failures, Capital Buffers, and Exposure to the Housing Market Bubble, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2017-115, 29 Nov 2017.
- G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
- G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
- G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
- R31 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Housing Supply and Markets
Keywords: Bank failure ; Credit risk ; Mortgage risk ; Residential real estate
This item with handle RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2017-115
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