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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US)
Finance and Economics Discussion Series
The Bank as Grim Reaper : Debt Composition and Bankruptcy Thresholds
Mark S. Carey
Michael B. Gordy
Abstract

We offer a model and evidence that private debtholders play a key role in setting the endogenous asset value threshold below which corporations declare bankruptcy. The model, in the spirit of Black and Cox (1976), implies that the recovery rate at emergence from bankruptcy on all of the firm's debt taken together is increasing in the pre-bankruptcy share of private debt in all debt. Empirical evidence supports this and other implications of the model. Indeed, debt composition has a more economically material empirical influence on recovery than all other variables we try taken together.


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Mark S. Carey & Michael B. Gordy, The Bank as Grim Reaper : Debt Composition and Bankruptcy Thresholds, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-069, 06 Jul 2016.
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Keywords: Bankruptcy ; Credit risk ; Debt default ; Recovery rates
DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2016.069
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