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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US)
Finance and Economics Discussion Series
Policy Externalities and Banking Integration
Michael Smolyansky
Abstract

Can policies directed at the banking sector in one jurisdiction spill over and affect real economic activity elsewhere? To investigate this question, I exploit changes in tax rates on bank profits across U.S. states. Banks respond by reallocating small-business lending to otherwise unaffected states. Moreover, counties in non-tax-changing states that have more exposure to treated banks experience greater changes in lending, which in turn impacts local employment. The findings demonstrate that policies aimed at the banking sector in one jurisdiction can impose externalities on other regions. Critically, financial linkages between regions serve as the transmission channel for these policy externalities.


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Michael Smolyansky, Policy Externalities and Banking Integration, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-8, 08 Feb 2016, revised 15 Feb 2018.
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JEL Classification:
Subject headings:
Keywords: Banks; Credit Supply; Internal Capital Markets; Policy Arbitrage; Small Business Lending; Taxation
DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2016.008r1
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