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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US)
Finance and Economics Discussion Series
Tips from TIPS: the informational content of Treasury Inflation-Protected Security prices
Stefania D'Amico
Don H. Kim
Min Wei
Abstract

Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS) are frequently thought of as risk-free real bonds. Using no-arbitrage term structure models, we show that TIPS yields exceeded risk-free real yields by as much as 100 basis points when TIPS were first issued and up to 300 basis points during the recent financial crisis. This spread reflects predominantly the poorer liquidity of TIPS relative to nominal Treasury securities. Other factors, including the indexation lag and the embedded deflation protection in TIPS, play a much smaller role. Ignoring this spread also significantly distorts the informational content of TIPS breakeven inflation, a widely-used proxy for expected inflation.


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Stefania D'Amico & Don H. Kim & Min Wei, Tips from TIPS: the informational content of Treasury Inflation-Protected Security prices, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-24, 31 Jan 2014, revised 19 Feb 2016.
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Keywords: TIPS; Breakeven; No-arbitrage term structure model; Liquidity; Expected inflation; Inflation risk premium; Survey forecasts; Indexation lag; Deflation floor
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