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Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US)
Finance and Economics Discussion Series
What drives matching efficiency? a tale of composition and dispersion
Regis Barnichon
Andrew Figura
Abstract

This paper presents a framework to study movements in the matching efficiency of the labor market and highlights two observable factors affecting matching efficiency: (i) unemployment composition and (ii) dispersion in labor market conditions, the fact that tight labor markets coexist with slack ones. Using CPS micro data over 1976-2009, we find that composition is responsible for most of the movements in matching efficiency until 2006. In 2008-2009, only forty percent of an exceptionally low matching efficiency can be attributed to composition. New highly disaggregated data on vacancies and unemployment show that the unexplained decline in matching efficiency coincides with an increase in dispersion.


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Regis Barnichon & Andrew Figura, What drives matching efficiency? a tale of composition and dispersion, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2011-10, 2011.
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Keywords: Labor market ; Unemployment ; Employment (Economic theory)
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