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Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco
Working Paper Series
Using a long-term interest rate as the monetary policy instrument
Bruce McGough
Glenn D. Rudebusch
John C. Williams
Abstract

Using a short-term interest rate as the monetary policy instrument can be problematic near its zero bound constraint. An alternative strategy is to use a long-term interest rate as the policy instrument. We find when Taylor-type policy rules are used to set the long rate in a standard New Keynesian model, indeterminacy--that is, multiple rational expectations equilibria--may often result. However, a policy rule with a long rate policy instrument that responds in a "forward-looking" fashion to inflation expectations can avoid the problem of indeterminacy.


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Bruce McGough & Glenn D. Rudebusch & John C. Williams, Using a long-term interest rate as the monetary policy instrument, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Working Paper Series 2004-22, 2004.
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Keywords: Monetary policy ; Interest rates
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