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Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Working Papers
Did 9/11 worsen the job prospects of Hispanic immigrants?
Pia M. Orrenius
Madeline Zavodny

This paper examines whether the economic aftermath of 9/11 had an adverse impact on the labor market outcomes of male immigrants from Latin America, who compose the bulk of undocumented foreign-born workers in the U.S. The crackdown on use of fraudulent Social Security numbers, increased requirements for government-issued identification, and other changes associated with greater focus on national security likely lowered the demand for foreign-born workers - particularly the undocumented - relative to natives after 9/11. The relative decline in demand for such workers could have negatively affected employment, hours worked, and earnings. Using Current Population Survey data and a difference-in-difference estimation technique, we find a negative impact after 9/11 on earnings and hours worked among recent male Hispanic immigrants vis-à-vis natives and a negative effect on employment, hours worked, and earnings vis-à-vis Hispanic immigrants who had been in the U.S. longer.

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Pia M. Orrenius & Madeline Zavodny, Did 9/11 worsen the job prospects of Hispanic immigrants?, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Working Papers 0508, 2005.
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Note: Published as: Orrenius, Pia M. and Madeline Zavodny (2009), "The Effects of Tougher Enforcement on the Job Prospects of Recent Latin American Immigrants," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 28 (2): 239-257.
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Keywords: National security; Identification cards - Forgeries; Immigrants
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