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Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Globalization Institute Working Papers
Exchange rate pass-through: evidence based on vector autoregression with sign restrictions
Lian An
Jian Wang
Abstract

We estimate exchange rate pass-through (PT) into import, producer and consumer price indexes for nine OECD countries, using a method proposed by Uhlig (2005). In a Vector Autoregression (VAR) model, we identify the exchange rate shock by imposing restrictions on the signs of impulse responses for a small subset of variables. These restrictions are consistent with a large class of theoretical models and previous empirical findings. We find that exchange rate PT is less than one at both short and long horizons. Among three price indexes, exchange rate PT is greatest for import price index and smallest for consumer price index. In addition, greater exchange rate PT is found in an economy which has a smaller size, higher import share, more persistent exchange rate, more volatile monetary policy, higher inflation rate, and less volatile aggregate demand.


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Lian An & Jian Wang, Exchange rate pass-through: evidence based on vector autoregression with sign restrictions, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Globalization Institute Working Papers 70, 2011.
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Note: Published as: An, Lisa and Jian Wang (2012), "Exchange Rate Pass-through: Evidence Based on Vector Autoregression with Sign Restrictions," Open Economies Review 23 (2): 359-380.
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