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Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Globalization Institute Working Papers
Limited asset market participation and the consumption-real exchange rate anomaly
Robert Kollmann
Abstract

Under efficient consumption risk sharing, as assumed in standard international business cycle models, a country's aggregate consumption rises relative to foreign consumption, when the country's real exchange rate depreciates. Yet, empirically, relative consumption and the real exchange rate are essentially uncorrelated. I show that this "consumption-real exchange rate anomaly" can be explained by a simple model in which a subset of households trade in complete financial markets, while the remaining households lead hand-to-mouth (HTM) lives. HTM behavior also generates greater volatility of the real exchange rate and of net exports, which likewise brings the model closer to the data.


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Robert Kollmann, Limited asset market participation and the consumption-real exchange rate anomaly, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Globalization Institute Working Papers 41, 2010.
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Note: Published as: Kollmann, Robert (2012), "Limited Asset Market Participation and the Consumption-Real Exchange Rate Anomaly," Canadian Journal of Economics 45 (2): 556-584.
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