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Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Globalization Institute Working Papers
The Heterogeneous Effects of Global and National Business Cycles on Employment in U.S. States and Metropolitan Areas
Alexander Chudik
Janet Koech
Mark A. Wynne
Abstract

The growth of globalization in recent decades has increased the importance of external factors as drivers of the business cycle in many countries. Globalization affects countries not just at the macro level but at the level of states and metro areas as well. This paper isolates the relative importance of global, national and region-specific shocks as drivers of the business cycle in individual U.S. states and metro areas. We document significant heterogeneity in the sensitivity of states and metro areas to global shocks, and show that direct trade linkages are not the only channel through which the global business cycle impacts regional economies.


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Alexander Chudik & Janet Koech & Mark A. Wynne, The Heterogeneous Effects of Global and National Business Cycles on Employment in U.S. States and Metropolitan Areas, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Globalization Institute Working Papers 343, 22 Aug 2018.
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Keywords: Global and regional business cycles; U.S. state and metro employment fluctuations; Global VAR (GVAR) approach
DOI: 10.24149/gwp343
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