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Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Globalization Institute Working Papers
Do good institutions promote counter-cyclical macroeconomic policies?
César Calderón
Roberto Duncan
Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel

The literature has argued that developing countries are unable to adopt counter-cyclical monetary and fiscal policies due to financial imperfections and unfavorable politicaleconomy conditions. Using a world sample of 115 industrial and developing countries for 1984-2008, we find that the level of institutional quality plays a key role in countries' ability to implement counter-cyclical macroeconomic policies. The results show that countries with strong (weak) institutions adopt counter- (pro-) cyclical macroeconomic policies, reflected in extended monetary policy and fiscal policy rules. The threshold level of institutional quality at which monetary and fiscal policies are a-cyclical is found to be similar.

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César Calderón & Roberto Duncan & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, Do good institutions promote counter-cyclical macroeconomic policies?, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Globalization Institute Working Papers 118, 2012.
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Keywords: Interest rates ; Monetary policy ; Fiscal policy
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