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Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
Working Papers (Old Series)
Too-Big-to-Fail before the Fed
“Too-big-to-fail” is consistent with policies followed by private bank clearing houses during financial crises in the U.S. National Banking Era prior to the existence of the Federal Reserve System. Private bank clearing houses provided emergency lending to member banks during financial crises. This behavior strongly suggests that “too-big-to-fail” is not the problem causing modern crises. Rather, it is a reasonable response to the threat posed to large banks by the vulnerability of short-term debt to runs.
Cite this item
Gary Gorton & Ellis W. Tallman, Too-Big-to-Fail before the Fed, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Working Papers (Old Series) 1612, 06 May 2016.
- E02 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Institutions and the Macroeconomy
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
- E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
- E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
Keywords: Financial crisis; bank runs; banking panic; clearing house; bank-specific information; currency premium
This item with handle RePEc:fip:fedcwp:1612
is also listed on EconPapers
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